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Younger sedimentary rocks coverextensive areas of southern Nigeria, Togo, Be… They resemble highlands on Earth, but the term is applied to much larger areas on other planets. Note 1: A peak included in the "Eastern Pamirs" more often than in the Kunlun Mountains, as Kongur Tagh and the Kunlun range are separated by the large Yarkand River valley; no valley of such significance separates the Pamirs and Kongur Tagh, just political boundaries. Technically speaking, it’s a suburb of Claremont, and a busy, vibey one at that, particularly 2nd Avenue where you’ll find a handful of quaint shops and restaurants. Some valleys and east-facing slopes contain areas of tropical rainforest, with a high canopy, lianas, and a rich undergrowth. 7. Reaching up to 5,199 m (17, 057 ft), Mount Kenya is the highest mountain in Kenya and the second-highest in Africa. Highland continents—or terrae—are areas of topographically unstable terrain, with high peaks and valleys. The Highlands are home to the Eastern Zimbabwe montane forest-grassland mosaic ecoregion. A number of indigenous monocot lilies with small distribution ranges occur in the highlands. Equally resistant are older sedimentaryrocks, mainly sandstones, which also form uplands and scarps which includethe Fouta Djallon highlands in Guinea, the Banfora and Hombori mountains inMali and Gamkaza and Manpong in Ghana. There are larger areas of dry forest at higher altitudes in places where the ground is well watered and on drier slopes patches of miombo woodland (Brachystegia spiciformis, Brachystegia tamarindoides and Uapaca kirkiana) and areas of heathland at higher elevations. Other fauna in the area also includes aardvark, eagle, Egyptian wolf, gelada, secretarybird, Nubian ibex, and marabou stork and Ethiopian endemic species such as the shrew (Crocidura harenna), the narrow-footed woodland mouse (Grammomys minnae), and Menelik's bushbuck (Tragelaphus scriptus meneliki), which is a subspecies with long, dark fur. The mountains and mountain ranges that make up the East African Highlands share many common plant and animal species and communities, known as Afromontane flora and fauna. The Highlands have a more equable climate than Zimbabwe's central plateau, with higher rainfall, low cloud and heavy mists and dew as moisture moves inland from the Indian Ocean. Further, these mountains catch the precipitation of the monsoon winds of the Indian Ocean, resulting in a rainy season that lasts from June until mid-September. Frequent wildfires control and revitalize the flora. Its name combines the Afrikaans word ‘vlei’ meaning ‘marsh’, and the local Nama word meaning ‘of-no-return’. Coordinates: 12°32′00″N 41°23′8″E / 12.53333°N 41.38556°E / 12.53333; 41.38556, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFWeinbergBealer2001 (, An explanation of this unusual rain pattern can be found at, Learn how and when to remove this template message, January 2005: The Ethiopian Large Igneous Province, Ethiopia: Drought intensifies during corn and sorghum harvest, http://worldwildlife.org/ecoregions/at0112, "Ethiopian montane grasslands and woodlands", List of countries where Arabic is an official language, Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests, Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows, Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt pine–oak forests, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ethiopian_Highlands&oldid=988707409, Articles needing additional references from March 2020, All articles needing additional references, Wikidata value to be checked for Infobox mountain, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 November 2020, at 20:05. It is sometimes called the Roof of Africa due to its height and large area. The Eastern Highlands extend north and south for about 300 kilometres (190 mi) through Zimbabwe's Manicaland Province and Mozambique's Manica Province. The Eastern Highlands, also known as the Manica Highlands, is a mountain range on the border of Zimbabwe and Mozambique. Lister, L.A. (1987). Not included in this total of "countries" and listed separately are: km. The ericaceous heathlands are dominated by Philippia pallidiflora, P. hexandra, Phylica ericoides, Passerina montana, Erica eylesii, E. pleiotricha, E. gazensis, and E. johnstoniana. The Chirinda apalis lives deep in the evergreen forests, while Roberts's warbler inhabits the forest edge.[5]. A CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK FOR AFRICAN MOUNTAINS AND HIGHLANDS An approach for better understanding mountain and highland ecosystems is shown in Figure 7. The lowlands of the Bushveld are home to some of Africa's most famous big-game animals, including rhinos, elephants, water … Agricultural Burma Valley lies south and east of the Bvumba Mountains. The mountains are mostly sparsely populated, covered in rich grasslands, shrublands, woodlands and forests.[1]. In the waning stages of the flood basalt episode, large explosive caldera-forming eruptions also occurred. There are few places in South Africa that have the word village in their name, and for that reason alone we’ve included Harfield Village on our list (yes, we’re cheating, a little). In recent years, it has consistently been ranked among the most violent cities in the world. 584-591, November, 2012, "Eastern Zimbabwe montane forest-grassland mosaic". Tall mountains with peaks exceeding 3,000 m called the Imatong Mountain range occur along South Sudan's border with Uganda. Tropical rainforests grow between 23.5° North and 23.5° South of the equator, or between the tropics of Capricorn and Cancer, where they typically receive up to 79 inches of rainfall a year and swelter in average temperatures in the low 80s. The term that was used consistently was “White South Africa” as the Government aimed to move every Black person to his or her respective ethnic homeland in order to have South Africa completely in the hands of the White population. Protea gazensis, P. welwitschii, and Leucospermum saxosum are common in the proteaceous heathlands.[5]. International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation Vol. There are extensive low-lying areas near the coast and in the basins of the Sénégal, Gambia, Volta, and Niger–Benue rivers. Ghiurghi, Andrea & Dondeyne, S. & Bannerman, J.. (2010). Note: Range borders shown on map are an approximation and are not authoritative. There are several endemic animal species, one of which, the Ethiopian wolf (Canis simensis), is critically endangered. There are two protected areas of high moorland: Bale Mountains National Park in the southern highlands, accessible from Dinsho; and Simien Mountains National Park, accessible from Gondar, which includes Ras Dashen. In the Harenna Forest, pockets of moist, closed-canopy forest with Pouteria and Olea are draped with lianas and epiphytes, while above 2400 meters, a shrubby zone is home to Hagenia, Schefflera, and giant lobelias (Lobelia gibberroa), species which can be found on the East African mountains further south. The ecoregion is home to several plant communities: submontane and montane grasslands, moist evergreen forest, dry montane forest, miombo woodlands, and heathlands. This variety of different types of habitat results in a richness of animal life too. Subhumid areas in south-central Africa are temperate, experiencing sufficient rainfall to grow crops with irrigation. Above 3,000 meters elevation lie the high Ethiopian montane moorlands, the largest afroalpine region in Africa. Likewise, the Great Rift, formed 50 million years ago by volcanic activity, also extends across most of eastern Africa and bisects Ethiopia's central mountainous plateau from roughly the southwest to the northeast, creating two highland areas. Gaelic customs and language survive in the Highlands. The Highlands are divided into northwestern and southeastern portions by the Main Ethiopian Rift, which contains a number of salt lakes. They can be found on Venus, Mercury, Mars and the Moon. “Danks” in Clarendon, was the name given to a property Sir Henry Morgan deeded to his German wife, who said, “danke”, meaning “thanks”. South of Burma Valley, the Tsetsera, Gweni, and Tandara plateaus lie along the border, separated by east-west river valleys lying in fault rifts. More widespread mammals found here include the mantled guereza (Colobus guereza), which is also threatened as its habitat disappears as does that of many other mammals of the highlands such as olive baboon (Papio anubis), Egyptian wolf (Canis aureus), leopard (Panthera pardus), lion (Panthera leo), spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta), caracal (Caracal caracal), serval (Leptailurus serval), common duiker (Sylvicapra grimmia), and giant forest hog (Hylochoerus meinertzhageni). The farmland is home to many butterflies, especially Papilio, Charaxinae, Pieridae and Lycaenidae. The country's landscape features plains in the north and south. However even these parks are losing habitat to livestock grazing, while the lower elevation parks (Harar Wildlife Sanctuary, Awash National Park, Omo National Park, and Nechisar National Park) are even less secure. This woodland belt has several natural plant communities, but has mostly been heavily grazed and converted to agricultural use now. Around 30 million years ago, a flood basalt plateau began to form, piling layers upon layers of voluminous fissure-fed basaltic lava flows. [5] The youngest surface formed in the Cenozoic, being partly covered by the Ethiopia-Yemen Continental Flood Basalts. The habitats are somewhat different on either side of the Great Rift Valley that splits the highlands. The Batian peak is its highest peak. [3], The Rusitu-Tanganda fault, an east-west rift that carries the eastward-flowing Rusitu River and the westward flowing Tanganda River, marks the southern end of the Chimanimani Mountains. Its summit, Ras Dashen (4,550 m), is the highest peak in Ethiopia. Its coast lies on the Gulf of Guinea in the south and it borders Lake Chad to the northeast. The opening of the Great Rift Valley split the dome of the Ethiopian Highlands into three parts; the mountains of the southern Arabian Peninsula are geologically part of the ancient Ethiopian Highlands, separated by the rifting which created the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden and separated Africa from Arabia. Planum 10.13140/2.1.1734.6240. Other articles where Cameroon Highlands is discussed: Africa: Relief: …and Cameroon, and in the Cameroon Highlands. Farming - especially sheep farming - has been a way of life in highland areas for centuries. The range includes peaks of over 4,000 m. Among these are Mount Tullu Demtu (4,337 m), which is the second-highest major independent mountain in Ethiopia, and Mount Batu (4,307 m). Birds include Rueppell's chat, the finch Ankober serin (Serinus ankoberensis), white-winged flufftail (Sarothrura ayresi), and blue-winged goose. North Africa. Zimbabwe Geological Survey Bulletin #90. There are patches of the tall evergreen Mobola Plum Parinari curatellifolia near the town of Chipinge and on the western slopes of the Nyanga Highlands. Sometimes names are not what they seem. Monte Binga on the border is the highest peak in Mozambique and the second-highest in Zimbabwe. Wintering birds include wigeon (Anas penelope), shoveler (Anas clypeata), ruff (Philomachus pugnax), and greenshank (Tringa nebularia). Crime levels in Cape Town, a port city in South Africa and the capital of Western Cape Province, are very high, even though it’s the country’s legislative capital. Two distinct highland areas exist in the country. The northern portion of the Highlands lies within the Highland council area, while the southern portion belongs to the council areas of Argyll and Bute, Stirling, Perth and Kinross, Angus, Aberdeenshire, Aberdeen City, and Moray. As the lower slopes of the mountains are so heavily populated, even the high altitude moorlands are affected by human interference, such as the grazing of livestock and even farming. The Eastern Highlands are part of the East African Highlands, one of four distinct physiographic divisions on the African continent. The highlands themselves are divided into three distinct ecoregions, distinguished by elevation. The Sahara Desert, covering most of North Africa, is the second largest desert in the world. In the Chimanimani Mountains and Mount Gorongosa, heathlands are found on poor, acidic sandy soils derived from quartzite. "Determinants of vegetation composition and diversity of a moist forest-savanna boundary in south-eastern Zimbabwe". It is sometimes called the Roof of Africa for its height and large area. The natural vegetation was closed-canopy forest in moister areas, and grassland, bushland, and thicket in drier areas. Many streams and rivers originate in these mountains. Malawi, a landlocked country in southeastern Africa. The central region has hills and plateaus. The Ethiopian Highlands is a rugged mass of mountains in Ethiopia, situated in northeast part of Africa.It forms the largest continuous area of its elevation in the continent, with little of its surface falling below 1,500 m (4,900 ft), while the summits reach heights of up to 4,550 m (14,930 ft). Click Here for a Full Screen Map. Legal Name: Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia: Capital City: Addis Ababa: 9 02 N, 38 42 E: Independence: oldest independent country in Africa and one of the oldest in the world - at least 2,000 years (may be traced to the Aksumite Kingdom, which coalesced in the first century B.C.) Other endemics include the big-headed mole-rat (Tachyoryctes macrocephalus) which is common on the Sanetti Plateau in the Bale Mountains. The Ethiopian Highlands is a rugged mass of mountains in Ethiopia, situated in northeast part of Africa. Lambert's projection of Africa and Australia showing lowlands, highlands and mountain ranges. The mountain nyala finds its way up to the high moorlands although it is more common at lower elevations. The Chimanimani range consists of a high plateau with several ridges running north and south. They lie mostly in Zimbabwe, but a northeastern spur, Monte Vumba, reaches into Mozambique. At lower elevations, the highlands are surrounded by tropical savannas and grasslands, including the Sahelian acacia savanna to the northwest and the East Sudanian Savanna to the west. Humid areas are moist and tropical, and they are located in western and central Africa. Accessed 17 June 2018, Ian Sinclair, Birds of Southern Africa, Struik Publishers 1996, Reptiles and frogs of the Eastern Highlands, Zimbabwe montane forest-grassland mosaic (terrestrial ecoregion), Zimbabwe Highlands (freshwater ecoregion), "Eastern Zimbabwe montane forest-grassland mosaic", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eastern_Highlands&oldid=985146929, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 24 October 2020, at 07:19. The Southern miombo woodlands ecoregion lies at lower elevations east and west of the highlands. Mussapa Gap is a pass through the mountains that follows the eastward-flowing Mussapa Grande River and westward-flowing Nyanyadzi River. Two species, the Chirinda apalis (Apalis chirindensis) and Roberts's warbler (Oreophilais robertsi), are endemic to the Eastern Highlands. 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