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It tells us more about the subject of the sentence. In Latin… In English, there exist eight main types of words based on what they do in a sentence. * Whereas in English the dictionary form of a verb is its infinitive (e.g. ‘ to love’), in Latin it is the first person singular present active. Vocabulary Handouts: Lingua Latina: Lingua Latina Vocabulary I (Chapters 1-4) The same principle applies to the third sentence formation, the adjective must match the gender, number and the case of the substantive. Nouns Noun and Adjective Forms of the Verb — Infinitive — Participles — Gerund — Supine CHAPTER VI.—Particles. Cicerō Corneliam ferit follows the subject-object-verb structure. (sentence type one) Coordinate Conjunctions Adverbs CHAPTER VII.—Word-Order and Sentence-Structure. An adjective is a word that modifies a noun. The police were called. It was too crowded and loud. This has the same meaning as the sentence Cicerō ferit Corneliam, but with a different sentence structure. Basic Definition of Adjectives. Word-Order Sentence-Structure CHAPTER VIII.—Hints on Latin Style. 272. Third Declension Adjectives Comparison of Adjectives Participles Indirect Speech & Infinitives The Gerund and Gerundive The Periphrastics The Supine Ut Clauses Cum Clauses Common Contractions Correlatives Numbers Full Grammar Forms Bennett's New Latin Grammar. The party broke up. In English this would be Cicero hits Cornelia. Basic Sentence Structure; Advanced Sentence Structure; Parts of Speech. * Latin does not use capital letters to begin sentences, but only for proper nouns and for adjectives derived from them, e.g. My friends and I went out to a party. There are many Latin adjectives still in current use. In fact, we can attribute a healthy portion of the English language to our ancestors who spoke Latin. Compare this with a sentence like this: Cicerō Corneliam ferit. The neighbors kept complaining about the noise. Latin also usually skims over possessive adjectives like “his” and “hers.” Actually, Latin also usually leaves out pronouns whenever it can as well…. They are nouns, adjectives, verbs, adverbs, pronouns, prepositions, conjunctions, and interjections, and these eight parts of speech also exist in Latin. SUBJECT: the Subject of a sentence is the noun or pronoun who does the verb, the person or thing that the sentence is mainly about. Word­Order Sentence­Structure CHAPTER VIII.— Hints on Latin Style. Another way to put it is that an adjective is a word that describes a noun. The predicate of a sentence may be a verb (as in, Canis currit The dog runs), or it may consist of some form of sum and a noun or adjective which describes or defines the subject (as in Caesar cōnsul erat Cæsar was consul).Such a noun or adjective is called a Predicate Noun or Adjective, and the verb sum is called the Copula (i.e. We’ll look at over 30 adjective examples in sentences, and discover how they are used in different ways in the English language. Grammar note: Latin doesn’t really use articles like “a” and “the.” When translating into English, just supply the articles yourself. Caesar, Roma, Romanus. We came home. Coördinate Conjunctions Adverbs CHAPTER VII.— Word­Order and Sentence­Structure. the connective). Noun and Adjective Forms of the Verb — Infinitive — Participles — Gerund — Supine CHAPTER VI.— Particles. Let’s look at examples of each of the sentences (examples are from “Smith’s First Year Latin”): Signō datō, oppidum oppugnāvērunt. 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