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Already registered? Though “cleansing” campaigns for ethnic or religious reasons have existed throughout history, the rise of extreme nationalist movements during the 20th century led to an unprecedented level of ethnically motivated brutality, including the Turkish massacre of Armenians during World War I; the Nazis’ annihilation of some 6 million European Jews in the Holocaust; and the forced displacement and mass killings carried out in the former Yugoslavia and the African country of Rwanda during the 1990s. In addition, ethnic cleansing often isn't limited to the removal of the ethnic group. It stands as our strongest bulwark for the preservation of local diversity. An error occurred trying to load this video. What is the difference between ethnic cleansing and genocide? Quiz & Worksheet - Dr. Heidegger's Experiment by Hawthorne, Quiz & Worksheet - Social Issues in Literature, Flashcards - Real Estate Marketing Basics, Flashcards - Promotional Marketing in Real Estate, What is Summative Assessment? But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! AP Human Geography Self-Study and Homeschool. With most of us living in the modernized West, the idea of ethnicity is something we're rather familiar with. Chapter 7, Ethnicity. Get Full Essay. Ethnic cleansing, the attempt to create ethnically homogeneous geographic areas through the deportation or forcible displacement of persons belonging to particular ethnic groups. {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons It is defined as an attempt to eliminate members of an unwanted ethnic group within an area. For instance, the Assyrian empire of the ancient world would forcibly remove, if not kill, the inhabitants of its conquered lands. She has an M.A in instructional education. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. Ethnic cleansing sometimes involves the removal of all physical vestiges of the targeted group through the destruction of monuments, cemeteries, and houses of worship. Jessica has taught junior high history and college seminar courses. ethnic cleansing. © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. All rights reserved. This lesson will explain the tragedy of ethnic cleansing. The Geography of Nationalism . Events in Darfur have intensified a longstanding debate about the difference—if any—that exists between ethnic cleansing (which is a descriptive, not a legal term) and genocide, which was designated an international crime by the United Nations in 1948. Definition: Process in which more powerful ethnic group forcibly removes a less powerful one in order to create an ethnically homogeneous region Example:The holocaust was an example of an (attempted) ethnic cleansing. Since then, the two international tribunals established by the U.N. during the 1990s (one for the former Yugoslavia and another for Rwanda) and the International Criminal Court (ICC), established in 1998, have all debated fiercely the exact legal definition for ethnic cleansing. Political geography is the study of how humans have divided up the surface of the Earth for purposes of management and control. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Today's lesson on ethnic cleansing will be very foreign to those of us who live in the 21st century modernized West. During the Middle Ages, religion rather than ethnicity was a main source of persecution; episodes of religious cleansing tended to target Jews, often the largest minority in European countries. Common roots of ethnic conflict will also be introduced, including ethnic cleansing. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree, Shapes of States: Compact, Prorupted, Perforated & More, Race and Ethnicity Definitions: Social Minority vs. Social Majority, Cultural Diffusion: Definition, Expansion & Popular Cultures, Nation State: Definition, Examples & Characteristics, World Systems Theory: Core vs. Dubbed the “Butcher of Bosnia,” Mladic was sentenced to life in prison, in the last major prosecution of individuals involved with the Bosnian Genocide. Apartheid: Definition. At each location, somebody or some group seeks to establish the rules governing what happens in that space, h… Over the next several years, Bosnian Serb forces, with the backing of the Serb-dominated Yugoslav army, perpetrated atrocious crimes against Bosniak (Bosnian ...read more, The systematic persecution of German Jewry began with Adolf Hitler’s rise to power in 1933. Whether it be by forced deportation or just brutal genocide, they wanted a land free from their undesirables. flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? After all, the United States is considered the great melting pot of the world. What Is the Syllabus of an Algebra I Course? What happened to the Jews during the Holocaust? AP Human Geography Test Date: Friday May 13th, 2016 (8:00 am) Review Resources. AP Human Geography: Ethnicity Vocab. AP Human Geography Ethnicity Answers. Print Ethnic Cleansing: Definition & Examples Worksheet 1. Tragically, Hitler and his forces were not the first to employ what has been termed 'ethnic cleansing'. Political spaces exist at multiple scales, from a kid’s bedroom to the entire planet. 16 chapters | the mass expulsion and killing of one ethic or religious group in an area by another ethnic or religious group in that area. Balkanization, division of a multinational state into smaller ethnically homogeneous entities. Apartheid System : The physical separation of different races into different geographic areas. What was the aftermath of the Rwandan genocide? Subject. AP Human Geography. Bhutan (/ b uː ˈ t ɑː n / (); Dzongkha: འབྲུག་ཡུལ་, romanized: Druk Yul, [ʈuk̚˩.yː˩]), officially known as the Kingdom of Bhutan (Dzongkha: འབྲུག་རྒྱལ་ཁབ་, romanized: Druk Gyal Khap), is a landlocked country in the Eastern Himalayas in South Asia.It is bordered by the Tibet Autonomous Region of … We live in a world of amazingly wonderful cultural diversity and at a time when we can encounter and embrace it as never before. Anyone can earn Did you know… We have over 220 college describe the treatment suffered by particular ethnic groups during conflicts that erupted after the disintegration of the former Yugoslavia A . ethnic cleansing. and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. This question is concerned with the political geography concepts of supra-nationalism and devolution. OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR. Ex: WWII in which millions of Jews, Romas, and other ethnicities were forcibly moved to concentration camps and were later exterminated. - Definition, Benefits, and Issues, Types of Agriculture: Industrialized and Subsistence Agriculture, Eukaryotic and Prokaryotic Cells: Similarities and Differences, History, Culture & People of the Americas, MTTC Social Studies (Elementary) (105): Practice & Study Guide, Virginia SOL - World History & Geography to 1500: Test Prep & Practice, AEPA Geography (AZ004): Practice & Study Guide, Human & Cultural Geography for Teachers: Professional Development, Middle Level Social Studies: Help & Review, ILTS Social Science - Geography (245): Test Practice and Study Guide. How was ethnic cleansing used as countries sought to define independent territories? The attempt to eliminate members of an unwanted ethnic group within an area is referred to as _____. Some equate the two, while others argue that while the main goal of genocide is to physically destroy entire racial, ethnic or religious groups, the aim of ethnic cleansing is to establish ethnic homogeneity, which does not necessarily mean mass killings, but can be achieved by other methods. This is where the term comes from! 1. To them, forced deportation or displacing a people group to another area falls under the umbrella of ethnic cleansing. Services. Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community, Identify examples of ethnic cleansing throughout history and in the modern day, Explain alternate definitions of ethnic cleansing, such as genocide and forced deportation. To start, ethnic cleansing is defined as an attempt to eliminate members of an unwanted ethnic group within an area. return migration. Ex: During the early 1900s, this sort of law was in full effect in South Africa, and was later overthrown in the 1990s. The word came into general usage only after World War II, when the full extent of the atrocities committed by the Nazi ...read more, On November 9 to November 10, 1938, in an incident known as “Kristallnacht”, Nazis in Germany torched synagogues, vandalized Jewish homes, schools and businesses and killed close to 100 Jews. ... AP Human Geography Ch. AP Human Geography Unit 3. Although this type of brutality has been going on for centuries, the term 'ethnic cleansing' came into broad usage during the 1990s. After more than 20 years in operation, the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) found former Bosnian Serb military commander Ratko Mladic guilty of genocide and other crimes against humanity for his role in perpetrating the atrocities of the Balkan wars. 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Gillespie, a gunner with the 42nd Rainbow Division, was deeply ...read more, In April 1992, the government of the Yugoslav republic of Bosnia-Herzegovina declared its independence from Yugoslavia. © 2020 A&E Television Networks, LLC. In Spain, which had a large population of Jews and of Muslims, Jews were expelled in 1492 and Muslims in 1502; those who remained were forced to convert to Christianity, though all Muslim converts (called Moriscos) were expelled in the early 17th century. Groups such as the Babylonians, Greeks and Romans continued this practice, though not always on such a large scale and often to procure slave labor. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal ch 13 formulas 4 Terms. The Nazi Holocaust is history’s most extreme example of anti-Semitism. Eventually, under Hitler’s ...read more, During the Rwandan genocide of 1994, members of the Hutu ethnic majority in the east-central African nation of Rwanda murdered as many as 800,000 people, mostly of the Tutsi minority. History. Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support. In contrast to forced resettlement movements of the past, 20th-century ethnic cleansing efforts have been driven by the rise of nationalist movements with racist theories fed by the desire to “purify” the nation by expelling (and in many cases destroying) groups considered “alien.”. 1) Ethnicity is important because A) it promotes peace. For many, ethnic cleansing is synonymous with genocide, the systematic killing of a people group, especially those of a particular ethnic group. ...read more, The first time Joshua Kaufman met Daniel Gillespie was April 29, 1945, when American liberators marched into the notorious Dachau concentration camp 12 miles outside Munich, Germany and smashed in the prison doors. Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you flashcard sets, {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | Chapter 7 and 8. Started by Hutu nationalists in the capital of Kigali, the genocide spread throughout the ...read more, Pogrom is a Russian word which, when directly translated, means “to wreak havoc.” Pogroms typically describe violence by Russian authorities against Jewish people, particularly officially-mandated slaughter, though the word has been extended to the massacres of other groups as ...read more. It goes a step further seeking to remove all physical evidence of the unwanted ethnic group. This tragic practice continued throughout the Middle Ages as Jews and Muslims were forced out of Spain during its infamous Spanish Inquisition. Genocide is a premeditated effort to kill everyone from a particular ethnic group. just create an account. Define ethnicity (use the glossary). 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