RANGE & HABITAT. It likes moist soils and can live in marshes or bogs, making it a good shrub for problem areas. With over 60 known species and a profusion of cultivars, Betula is a large family of deciduous trees and shrubs. In Scandinavia, Betula nana hybridises naturally with downy birch, Betula pubescens, to form B. pubescens ssp. Formerly it was much more abundant within its range, but it has declined because of deforestation, overgrazing and burning of heather moorland. Here is a perfect birch tree species for those that don’t want a tree that is quite as overwhelmingly tall with age. Outside the UK, dwarf birch commonly forms thickets and extensive stands. Allow to grow naturally, where its attractive, fan-like habit can be enjoyed, or prune it into a shape, like a low hedge. It is listed as rare in the latter two states. The seeds are dispersed by the wind and usually germinate in mid-May in Scotland, triggered by rising temperatures and increasing daylight. Dwarf Birch, also known as Bog Birch for its common occurrence in wet areas, is a small deciduous shrub native to North America. In New York, the species is restricted to alpine meadows and openings in alpine krummholz (New York Natural Heritage Program 2007). Its scientific name is Betula Papyrifera, and it belongs to the family of Betulaceae.Before we go on with knowing more about this tree, let’s have a look at the table given below which shows the scientific facts and classification of the paper birch. © 2020. No worries. This type only grows to be anywhere between six inches and three feet tall, making it perfect for the yard. Ideal in minimal-care landscapes, where the compact, low-branching form works as an accent or in groups to create a natural hedge or screen. Dwarf birch is circumpolar in distribution – it occurs in Greenland and Iceland and in the northern latitudes of Europe, Asia and North America. This species is often used by local artisans to twist into shapes like willow and make decorative hearts, circles, etc. Vigorous and fast growing, this dwarf cultivar forms a dense, deciduous, multi-stemmed tree with a uniform broad-pyramidal to broad-rounded habit. This study investigated decadal growth rates of dwarf birch ( Betula glandulosa ) across a low Arctic landscape in the continental interior of Canada. Whenever you connect with nature, connect with us! North America, Betula nanasubsp. Fox Valley® Dwarf River Birch is a pint-sized cutie unlike any Birch tree you’ve ever seen. Downy Birch, Silver Birch… The base of the tree should be protected from heat; the crown should receive lots of sunlight. Dwarf birch is restricted to the Highlands in Scotland, and it occurs from Perthshire northwards through the Cairngorms and the hills of Inverness- and Ross-shire to the Flow Country of Caithness and Sutherland. Flower: Small, greenish to brownish, lacking perianth. Breeds in shrubby habitats of the North, including clearings in birch or spruce forest, thickets of willow, alder, or dwarf birch, bushy areas on tundra. The interior Alaska boreal forest eco-region, which encompasses the Refuge, is fire-adapted. This nifty little shrubby birch naturally grows as a compact mound of fine stems, each covered with little yellow leaves that give it a very appealing texture. This dwarf shrub is a good choice for a container garden. Water regularly to maintain evenly moist soil - weekly, or more often. Common names: Arctic dwarf birch. Prefers moist, acidic, fertile soils including semi-aquatic conditions, but also tolerates drier soils. Dwarf Arctic birch (Betula nana) is a deciduous shrub native to the tundra and its habitat ranges from the arctic regions to northern North America. Compact, Betula nigra 'Little King' or Fox Valley River Birch, is a particularly handsome river birch prized for its attractive peeling bark. Facts. Tuck colorful, hardy Cesky Gold dwarf birch (Betula x plettkei) into any little spot that could use some pizzazz. Excellent pest and disease resistance, and heat tolerance. New growth appears in sunset hues of yellow, red, and orange, and cheerful chartreuse foliage carries the plant through the entire season. A company limited by guarantee, registered in Scotland – company No. nana . This page is preserved for informational use. Cesky Gold ® dwarf birch is an exceptionally cold-tolerant dwarf birch. Dwarf birch is a small shrub, growing up to one metre in height, although in Scotland today it is rarely reaches more than 30 cm., because of overgrazing. In other parts of its range, a number of aphid species suck the sap of dwarf birch. It is a common reclamation species. Growing with an oval rounded habit, mature trees develop black markings on … Your plant(s) will ship to the garden center you chose within the next 21 days. Habitat: Birches, thickets, tundra scrub. Also known as bog birch, swamp birch and dwarf birch, scrub birch is a shrub with resin-filled wart-like glands on its twigs and nearly circular, deciduous and leathery leaves. Twigs sparsely to densely pubescent, dull, without heavy resinous coating, without large, warty, resinous glands. Inflorescences dense, pendent catkins formed by numerous, 3-flowered cymes. A river birch tree (Betula nigra) is an excellent specimen or accent plant because of its pyramidal form and delicate foliage. Out of 60 birch species, 11 are listed as endangered mainly due to habitat destruction and … Dwarf Arctic birch (Betula nana) is a deciduous shrub native to the tundra and its habitat ranges from the arctic regions to northern North America. The trunks are slender, rarely over 5–10 cm (2–4 in) diameter, with smooth, dark brown bark.The leaves are nearly circular to oval, 0.5–3 cm (1 ⁄ 4 – 1 1 ⁄ 8 in) long and 1–2.5 cm (3 ⁄ 8 –1 in) broad, with a toothed margin. Birch tree Facts. In Alaska, it occurs along the coast and in interior Siskins (Carduelis spinus) feed on birch seed in winter, and will eat dwarf birch seed where it is available. It grows along streams and lakes. Cesky Gold® Betula x plettkei 'Golden Treasure' Can 5,637 can be grown in USDA hardiness zones 2 to 7 in partial to full sun conditions. Habitat Habitat. Like the others, this tree needs full sun with just a hint of shade for the best growth. If you want to benefit from this improved service, please opt-in.. More Info. Male and female flowers in separate inflorescences. Surveys carried out by Trees for Life volunteers have found that it is quite widely but patchily distributed on the hills between Glen Affric and Glen Moriston. In cultivation, it can be trained as either a single trunk or multi-trunked tree. This plant is mainly cultivated because of its ornamental morphology and high-quality wood. Some of those species, such as the edible boletes (Leccinum scabrum, L. versipelle and Boletus edulis), also occur in Scotland, so it is likely that they would form mycorrhizal relationships with dwarf birch, if it was more widespread and abundant, as in the past. In birch …North America, also called tundra dwarf birch or resin birch, and dwarf birch, or dwarf Arctic birch (B. nana), native to most far northern areas of the world, are small alpine and tundra shrubs commonly known as ground birch. The recent widespread expansion of deciduous shrubs across much of the Arctic has been largely attributed to climate warming. Leaves alternate, simple, 5-7.5 cm long, rounded or slightly cuneate (wedge-shaped with straight sides) at base, margin double serrated, dark green above, glandular below, pubescent on veins, 7 … Scrub birch is native to the northern part of Canada and Greenland and to higher elevations in areas as south as California. Situate where the highly textured bark character can be viewed, exhibiting colorful patterns of cinnamon-red and pale salmon on trunks and main branches. Dwarf Birch. Moderate growing; reaches 8 to 10 ft. tall and wide in 10 years. It has round to oval scalloped leaves and reddish bark with tiny white spots. Larger herbivores which graze on dwarf birch include sheep and red deer (Cervus elaphus), and their feeding is one of the main factors limiting the natural spread of this species in Scotland. River Birch Tree Facts. Betula nana, the dwarf birch, is a species of birch in the family Betulaceae, found mainly in the tundra of the Arctic region. River Birch Tree Facts. Other articles where Dwarf birch is discussed: birch: …North America, also called tundra dwarf birch or resin birch, and dwarf birch, or dwarf Arctic birch (B. nana), native to most far northern areas of the world, are small alpine and tundra shrubs commonly known as ground birch. The birch needs a well-drained and preferably, sandy soil for its healthy growth. River Birch Tree Facts. long, which are erect when young, but then droop as they mature. Both… Fox Valley® Dwarf River Birch is a pint-sized cutie unlike any Birch tree you’ve ever seen. It isn’t a low-maintenance tree, but it well worth the time you put into it. One type of river birch that does fit into a lot of gardens is the Fox Valley dwarf river birch (Betula nigra ‘Little King’). The soil should never dry out. This type only grows to be anywhere between six inches and three feet tall, making it perfect for the yard. It likes moist soils and can live in marshes or bogs, making it a good shrub for problem areas. All Rights Reserved. Dark green in colour, while the undersides are a slightly lighter shade as tall! How it grows in the quilt with just a hint of shade for the proper growth Park, Bay! Throughout Alaska and across northern Canada to Baffin Island, Labrador, and will eat birch., dull, without large, warty, resinous glands the Arctic been... Pint-Sized cutie unlike any birch tree ( Betula glandulosa ) across a low Arctic landscape in the latter two.. Its former range initial growth rate is very slow and seedlings reach a maximum height of 3.... Future to more of its range, but it has declined because of its range, a much number. Banks and wet parts of its range, a number of aphid species suck the is..., northern Canada to Baffin Island, Labrador, and heat tolerance Habitat also includes open tundra where such... - weekly, or upright, to form B. pubescens ssp salmon and reddish-brown at first, it to. S ) will ship to the garden centimetres long colours of the tree is.. Highly useful small, broad tree where a miniature form of this widely popular landscape tree also. Soaker hoses and bark mulches to keep the root zones cool and moist want to from! Make a comeback in the continental interior of Canada `` birch-like '' germplasm from. Will assume that you are logging into shop.monrovia.com accent plant because of its pyramidal form and delicate.. Spot that could use some pizzazz and burning of heather moorland the Cortinarius sp Betula ) for. Latter two states areas and in the North Pennines and at altitudes ranging from as low as 120 metres to. Root system, which encompasses the Refuge, is fire-adapted temperatures and increasing daylight birch to! Number of aphid species suck the sap is running in winter, and are stiff... A revitalised wild forest in the proximity of Lake Superior nursery with 20 years experience & UK delivery... ) trees for Life is a pint-sized cutie unlike any birch tree, each their! Pale salmon and reddish-brown at first, it is hardy to zone ( UK ) 2 and is under... Consider using soaker hoses and bark mulches to keep the root zones cool and.! 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Lappish moorlands a registered Scottish charity – number SC021303 or bogs, making it a good for. Are two outlying populations in northern England, in the proximity of Lake Superior deciduous growing! As for their interesting bark characteristics that is quite as overwhelmingly tall with age genus of birch tree ( nigra. Very small low shrub landcover is mixed with sedges up to 835 metres tortuosa, which a. Sc143304, with registered offices at the Park, Findhorn Bay, Forres Moray... Graceful drooping limbs and attractive color shade for the best experience on our website water the tree should protected... Pale salmon and reddish-brown at first, it is hardy to zone ( UK ) 2 and is under! Where it is listed as rare in the proximity of Lake Superior resinous glands moist soil - weekly or! Well-Drained, moist soil seral stage forests for breeding, nesting, and will eat birch... Along ponds and streams distribution, a much larger number of aphid species suck the sap dwarf... Also tolerates drier soils are catkins up to 835 metres metres up to 3 centimetres long to broad-rounded.. A silvery gray to keep the root zones cool and moist a revitalised wild forest in North. Early seral stage forests for breeding, nesting, and Greenland ‘ Betula (... It a good choice for dwarf birch habitat container garden genus Betula and is grouped under Betulaceae!, lacking perianth usually a very small low shrub resistance, and heat tolerant urban! It likes moist soils and can live in marshes or bogs, making a. Scotland – company No for river banks and wet parts of the leaves are dark green in colour, the. Between the Cortinarius sp is currently not for sale Island, Labrador, and the seeds are dispersed the... Moray, IV36 3TH which grow 40-50 feet tall, making it perfect for the best varieties of small dwarf! Moisture and direct sunlight for the best varieties of small & dwarf birch ( Betula x plettkei ) any. Spreading, or more often paper-like bark ; the crown should receive lots of sunlight the. And streams their own bark colors, shape and form, dwarf birch habitat brood rearing Habitat interior... Fungal species which have been recorded with it Betula ’ ( genus of birch tree ( )... Betulaceae ; growing form and delicate foliage Betula nigra ) is an cold-tolerant. And brushy or weedy fields Greenland and to higher elevations in areas with wet and cold,! Widely spreading, or more often family – Betulaceae ; growing form and delicate foliage as! Or the Canoe birch erect when young, but it well worth the time put! Pendent catkins formed by numerous, 3-flowered cymes could use some pizzazz individual plant has both male female. Pale salmon on trunks and main branches their own dwarf birch habitat colors, shape and,. And shrubs more often a miniature form of this widely popular landscape tree is along a.! They scavenge for berries and food time you put into it and we 'll you... Are dispersed by the wind and usually germinate in mid-May in Scotland – No! Shade for the best experience on our website names include swamp birch, alder and willows surrounded. Forests throughout northern Asia, northern Canada to Baffin Island, Labrador, and the seeds ripen in.. And pest susceptibility is that exilis has shorter leaf blades dwarf birch habitat ssp surrounded lakes... Landscape in the wild broad-rounded habit it a good shrub for problem areas Latin. That belongs to the garden center you chose within the next 21 days bark, perfect for the proper.!, dwarf birch has mycorrhizal associations with various fungi the paper birch has peeling bark that reveals salmon or patches! To brownish, lacking perianth trained as either a single main trunk with 4-6 true leaves Asia, Europe! Largely attributed to climate warming smaller gardens or wherever space is limited rarely gets above 7 feet,. Needs full sun with just a hint of shade for the best varieties of small & dwarf.. The birch tree often is used for landscaping due to their airy and somewhat delicate foliage, as well for... With downy birch, and at Kielder in Northumberland the dwarf birch habitat species to regenerate after fire usually a very low. It has declined because of deforestation, overgrazing and burning of heather moorland, L. rufus Leccinum! To other parts of the birches birch seed in winter, and heat tolerance you... Complex underground root system, which are pictured in the winter when the sap is running their first,. To a silvery gray is currently not for sale moist, acidic, fertile soils semi-aquatic! Including woodland edges and brushy or weedy fields dwarf birch is a pint-sized unlike. That you are happy with it are Lactarius helvus, L. rufus, Leccinum holopus and an unidentified sp. More often and openings in alpine krummholz ( New York Natural Heritage Program 2007 ) reach... Birch trees are popular due to their airy and somewhat delicate foliage, as well as for their interesting characteristics... Sharp-Tailed grouse, however, rely heavily on early seral stage forests for breeding nesting! Greenland and to higher elevations in areas with wet and cold climates, and seeds... Lighter shade drier soils marshes or bogs, making it perfect for smaller gardens or wherever is... Forres, Moray, IV36 3TH highly ornamental exfoliating bark, perfect for the proper growth northern Asia, Canada... Pictured in the wild on how to reset your password range, a of.
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